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Juvenile legal knowledge
Law of the People's Republic of China on the protection of minors:
1, what is the purpose of enacting the law on the protection of minors?
Answer: We should protect the physical and mental health of minors, protect their legitimate rights and interests, promote their all-round development in morality, intelligence and physique, and train them to become successors to socialist cause with ideals, morality, culture and discipline.
2. What is a minor?
Answer: minors refer to citizens under eighteen years of age.
3, what principles should be followed to protect the work of minors?
A: the protection of minors should follow the following principles:
(1) safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of minors;
(two) respecting the dignity of minors;
(three) adapt to the characteristics of Juveniles' physical and mental development;
(four) education and protection.
4, which rights and interests of minors are protected by the state?
A: the state protects the personal, property and other lawful rights and interests of minors from infringement.
5. What are the responsible persons for protecting minors?
Answer: The protection of minors is the joint responsibility of state organs, armed forces, political parties, social organizations, enterprises and institutions, grassroots mass autonomous organizations in urban and rural areas, guardians of minors and other adult citizens.
6, can schools expel minor students?
Answer: Yes, but schools should respect the right of underage students to receive education and should not expel them at will.
7, in order to implement the national education policy, what schools should the schools do to deal with the minor students' education?
Answer: Schools should fully implement the state's educational policy and conduct moral education, intellectual education, physical education, aesthetic education, labor education, social life guidance and adolescent education for minors.
8. What should school and kindergarten staff do when they criticize and educate minors and children who have made mistakes?
Answer: Teachers and staff of schools and kindergartens should respect the personal dignity of minors and should not impose corporal punishment, disguised corporal punishment or other acts that insult the personal dignity of minors and children.
9, can minors enter the business ballroom?
Answer: Business dance halls and other places unsuitable for minors'activities, the relevant competent departments and operators should take measures to prevent minors from entering.
10. Is it possible to smoke in places where minors are concentrated?
Answer: No one is allowed to smoke in classrooms, dormitories, activity rooms and other indoor activities for minors in primary and secondary schools, kindergartens, nurseries.
11, which public places should be open to primary and secondary school students?
Answer: Museums, memorials, science and technology museums, cultural centers, cinemas and theatres, stadiums (halls), zoos, parks and other places should be preferentially open to primary and secondary school students.
12. What are the state's prohibitive provisions on the contents of books, newspapers, audio-visual products for minors to read or watch?
Answer: No organization or individual may sell, rent or otherwise disseminate to minors books, newspapers, audio-visual products poisoning minors, such as pornography, violence, murder and terror.
13, can enterprises and institutions recruit young people under the age of sixteen?
Answer: No organization or individual may employ minors under the age of 16, except as otherwise stipulated by the State.
14. What kind of work or work shall no organization or individual, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State, engage in in the recruitment of minors who have reached the age of sixteen or under the age of eighteen?
Answer: heavy, toxic or harmful labor or dangerous work.
15, do minors have the right to privacy?
A: no organization or individual can disclose the privacy of minors.
16, can parents read the letters of minors?
Answer: Except that letters from minors who are incapable of doing so may be opened by their parents, letters from other minors may not be opened by their parents.
17, are the intellectual achievements of minors enjoyed by their parents?
Answer: from their own. The state protects the intellectual achievements of minors according to law.
18, what are the principles and principles of handling minor offenses?
Answer: For juveniles who break the law and commit crimes, we should implement the policy of education, persuasion and salvation, and adhere to the principle of giving priority to education and supplementing punishment.
19. If minors are detained or detained according to law, can they be detained or detained with adults?
Answer: No. Adults should be detained or imprisoned.
20. Is it possible to hear a case of juvenile delinquency in public?
Answer: Cases of juvenile delinquency under the age of fourteen and under sixteen shall not be heard publicly. Cases of juvenile delinquency under the age of sixteen and under the age of eighteen are generally not heard in public.
21, is there any right of inheritance for minors?
Answer: Yes. The people's court shall protect the minors' right of inheritance according to law in hearing succession cases.
22, how should the infringed person or his guardian deal with the violation of the legitimate rights and interests of minors?
Answer: If the legitimate rights and interests of minors are infringed upon, the infringed person or his guardian has the right to request the relevant competent authorities to handle the matter or bring a lawsuit in a people's court according to law.
23. When did the law on the protection of minors come into force?
Answer: January 1, 1992.
Law on the prevention of juvenile delinquency in People's Republic of China:
1, what is the purpose of enacting the law on the prevention of juvenile delinquency?
Answer: protect the physical and mental health of minors and cultivate good conduct of minors.