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Law-abiding, careful friends, civilized Internet, safe away from drugs,
Hello, everyone, teachers, classmates and friends! I'm very glad to have the opportunity to communicate with you here. The study task of this semester is coming to an end. Summer vacation is coming. First of all, I wish you all a safe, happy and meaningful holiday. Today, the topic of my lecture is "law-abiding, prudent, law-abiding, making friends, civilized, and away from drugs, to spend a safe and happy holiday - a special lecture on juvenile legal knowledge and holiday safety precautions". The content of the lecture is divided into six parts: first, the main manifestations of juvenile delinquency; second, compliance with laws and discipline. Resist illegal crime, learn to correctly deal with illegal violations; 3. Be careful to make friends, refuse bad contacts, consciously resist all kinds of bad temptations; 4. Attach importance to Internet security, away from Internet cafes, civilized Internet access; 5. cherish life, away from drugs; 6. Attention to personal safety, learn to protect themselves. The lecture lasted about one hour, and I hope to encourage my classmates.
First, the main manifestations of juvenile delinquency.
Since twentieth Century, juvenile delinquency is a prominent social problem faced by all countries. According to the statistics of relevant departments, the proportion of juvenile delinquency in China has been at a high level. In recent years, the incidence rate of young people aged 14 to 18 has increased rapidly, becoming a high incidence age of illegal crimes.
Juvenile delinquency has the following characteristics:
1, from the nature of crime, theft is the most prominent crime.
2, from the point of view of crime, the number of joint offenders with more than two people has increased.
3, from the perspective of criminal means, the means of committing crimes are cruel and the consequences of the crime are serious. In a murder case of a juvenile criminal in a city, the juvenile looked at his watch and killed, figuring out how long it would take to kill a person and preparing to kill a second person after the killing. Some juvenile delinquency methods have reached intelligence and maturity. Careful planning before committing a crime, repeatedly stepping on the spot, choosing the right moment, preparing the tools for committing a crime; clear division of labor when committing a crime, pay attention to cooperation; some have used anti-reconnaissance means; some have committed several crimes, and the circumstances are more serious.
4, from the age of crime, it tends to be younger. Among the minors who have been penalized, the number of people who have reached the age of 14 and under 16 is gradually increasing, and the number of people who have not been penalized because they are under the age of 16 and who do not bear criminal responsibility under the age of 14 also accounts for a considerable proportion. Some teenagers have been on the road of crime since they were 10 to 13 years old.
5. From the perspective of criminal status, the number of dropouts is high.
The main types of juvenile delinquency are:
1, violent injuries - the most common juvenile delinquency.
A 16-year-old boy in a technical secondary school in Hohhot stabbed his 15-year-old dormitory classmate to death for a slight misunderstanding. The city's junior high school students obsessed with online games, was blocked by their mothers; on the Internet to recruit another minor student as a killer, at home to cruelly kill their own mothers.
In late October 2006, a collision in an ordinary basketball match held by a secondary technical school in Guangdong led to more than 100 students fighting together. According to reports, the assailant arm wrapped in red cloth uniform, holding a sharpened iron pipe and watermelon knife to fight, the scene of intense fighting was heartbreaking, resulting in two students seriously injured. Article 292 of the Criminal Law shall be convicted and punished in accordance with the provisions of Articles 234 and 232 of this Law for agglomerating people to fight and causing serious injury or death. It is a crime of intentional injury and intentional homicide. Seventeenth persons who have reached the age of sixteen and commit crimes shall bear criminal responsibility.
A person who has reached the age of fourteen or under the age of sixteen shall bear criminal responsibility for the crime of intentional homicide, intentional injury causing serious injury or death, rape, robbery, drug trafficking, arson, explosion or poisoning.
A person who has reached the age of fourteen and who is under the age of eighteen should be given a lighter or mitigated punishment.
Look at the following headlines: "Only for'relieving hatred', 14-year-old boy cruelly kills 12-year-old girl", "Poisoning of'watching pornographic'teenager, murder of mother and daughter with malicious intent", "11 high school student motorcycle robbers", and so on. What a shocking sight!
Wang Mou, less than 16 years old when the case occurred, on the afternoon of May 15, 2006, he met Huang near a game room and asked for cigarettes from Huang Mou. Huang said no, and went into the game room. Wang felt that Huang Mou did not give him face, so he gathered another person to call Huang Mou out of the game room and ask him to take a cigarette. Huang Mou did not give him any help. A punch to Huang's abdomen, when Huang bowed and hugged his belly for pain, Wang hit him with his right elbow in the back of the brain caused Huang's skull bleeding and died. In this case, Wang Mou has reached the age of 14, and the act of intentional injury caused death, that is, just told the students one of the eight crimes, Wang Mou's behavior constitutes intentional injury crime. According to the provisions of the Criminal Code, he should bear criminal responsibility, and he will spend eight dark years in prison.
2, "stubborn points" is the most common form of crime among young people in recent years. In the "campus violence" that students are worried about, "depression" is at the forefront.
The so-called "dirty points" refer to idle teenagers outside the school and senior students directly to the teenagers to ask for property, this phenomenon most often occurs on the way home from school or during holidays. Computer rooms and game rooms are also the places where "breaking points" often occur. What's more worrying is that many students have the experience of being "misjudged" when they are young, and they become "misjudged" when they reach the senior level. This is from victims to victims and even criminals.
"Deviation" is a criminal act, which is characterized by blackmail, even robbery. Many of the teenagers who embarked on the road of crime made bad friends and participated in the "bad points" and finally embarked on the road of crime.
3, robbery - another common form of juvenile delinquency.
Theft refers to the illegal act of stealing a small amount of public or private property for the purpose of illegal possession. It is a common behavior of teenagers in violation of social ethics. Allowing it to develop will become a habit, and even lead to crime, which can easily be extended and developed into other types of crime.
A third year high school student in a key middle school in the city had stolen 10 thousand yuan, but failed in college.
In order to surf the Internet, a junior high school student developed from gang theft to gang theft.
In order to catch up with the fashion, a junior high school girl in this city stole money from her home. Her mother called the police. After the police cracked the case, she found her. She even said she took the money from her home. There was nothing wrong with it.
There are many cases of robbery in junior middle school students, and most of them are gang-related. We find that juveniles can not distinguish clearly between what is robbery crime and what is the general extortion offence. Article 263 of the Criminal Law of China stipulates that robbery of public and private property constitutes the crime of robbery by coercion of violence or by other means, which is the key to the crime. It depends on whether violence, coercion (such as the verbal threat of "if you don't take the money, we'll hit him" or other means are used to forcibly take public or private property, but the amount of the property is not the basis of the crime, but the circumstances of sentencing.
4. Other serious bad behaviors: smoking and drinking; reading and watching books, newspapers and periodicals, film and television programs, audio-visual products and electronic publications that are not suitable for minors; playing truant and staying at night; carrying control knives and repeatedly taught; smoking and injecting drugs.
Two, abide by laws and disciplines, boycott crimes and learn to deal with unlawful infringement correctly.
Practice has proved that it is not easy for minors to rectify their bad habits once they have developed them, and it requires more effort. Therefore, minors should abide by national laws, regulations and social public norms everywhere in their daily life and study, respect social morality, and form good habits from an early age. Feel the temptation to resist illegal behavior.
For example, in December 2005, seven students from Shanghai Qun Yi vocational school were arrested for robbery.
For example, a junior high school student in Minhang District injured her mother in a net.
We should start from cherishing life and respecting life, from observing school rules and regulations, from cultivating good behavior habits and sense of public morality, from violence and from breaking the law and committing crimes.
What should students do when they encounter unlawful infringement? When facing unlawful infringement, we must dare to respond tactfully, report promptly and seek protection.
Cope with "breaking points"
1, be more active when you are in trouble. People who "clear money" often find some excuses to lead people to a secluded place and then threaten to get money.
2, we should know how to call the police. Outside the school, you can dial 110 alarm, and you can call the guard and the teacher in the school.
3, learn how to get out of danger. There was a junior middle school sophomore who met two strangers after school and took him to a remote alley. The boy was very clever. When he saw a middle-aged man coming from a distance, he shouted, "Uncle, I'm here." The middle aged did not respond, and the two strangers ran away.
4, ensure your own safety. It is not a good policy to fight fiercely and fight when confronted with illegal acts such as robbery. It is a noble quality to act bravely for the sake of righteousness, but for minors, we must pay attention to what we can do and do it wisely.
5, the best time for students to go together is to go along with family members.
6, try not to bring valuables.
We should take the right way to find that we are or have been infringed illegally. If timely reports are made to schools, families or other guardians, parents, teachers or schools may come forward to stop the illegal infringement, or they may report to the public security organ or the competent government department. For example, some students were robbed several times, then did not protect themselves through the proper way, if he was robbed the first time immediately to his parents or teachers, he will not be robbed repeatedly by criminals. In addition, fighting among students should also arouse the attention of students, according to the survey, some students were beaten by classmates is not reported to parents or schools, but their own masters to seek revenge outside, to know that revenge injuries are also illegal, serious circumstances are to constitute a crime, to be sentenced to prison. For example, many of the victims of "stubborn points" grow up and become "bad children".
Don't imitate blindly.
Juvenile delinquency is characterized by blindness, impulsiveness, violence, imitation and contingency. In fact, most campus violence is caused by small incidents, some even no reason, such as just to "try the way in the TV play or not" to implement the "kidnapping" behavior.
Pupils blindly imitate, anonymous letters threaten their alma mater.
12 year old schoolboy disguised as an adult kidnapped classmates to extort hundreds of dollars in order to surf the Internet. June 24, 2005 "Chongqing Evening News": Three twelve-year-olds in sixth grade of Zhongxian primary school couldn't afford to surf the Internet all night and kidnapped their classmates to extort 100 yuan.
Three, make friends with caution, refuse bad contacts, and consciously resist all kinds of bad temptations.
One day, Jiang Mou and Li Mou went out to play in a taxi. In the taxi, Jiang Mou listened to Li and his friends saying, "Wait a minute to grab the man's mobile phone, and look at his body to see if he has any money." Jiang heard this and knew Li. Some people want to rob, he can not go, but because of the friendship, he followed to the scene of the robbery, the implementation of the robbery, Jiang stood on the side, Li called Jiang to help search the victim's body, Jiang went forward to search the victim's body and all the money to Li, after the case, because the victim and In the Times case, the public security organs quickly seized Li and his friends, as well as Jiang. Jiang had always argued that he did not want to rob other people's money. He felt wronged, but the law stipulated that helping others to take illegal possession for the purpose of forcibly robbing citizens'property was also a crime of robbery. Chiang was finally sentenced to one year's imprisonment. The purpose of this example is to tell you that when you start playing with a partner and discover a partner's criminal intent, you should stop him. If you can't stop it, you should try to get away from him and never rob him for the sake of your buddy's morale, because once you get to the crime scene, even if you can't stop it. You can't get away from it without your hands. Because the twenty-fifth common crime in Criminal Law refers to intentional crimes committed by more than two people. The twenty-seventh one that plays a secondary or auxiliary role in a joint crime is an accomplice. For accomplices, they should be given a lighter or mitigated punishment or be exempted from punishment.
If our classmates encounter this situation in the future, we must keep a clear head, have a sense of self-protection, do not get into trouble.
First of all, be careful in making friends and refuse to associate with others. Bad communication will become a direct cause of juvenile deviant behavior and criminal behavior. Bad communication is often a combination of bad behavior, bad behavior or bad conduct of young people together for bad social entertainment activities, they go shopping, restaurants, smoking and drinking, playing cards and dancing, trouble-making, fighting, the pursuit of low-level fun and so on, at the same time, some of the community has criminal record, the use of bad behavior of adults. Teenagers have strong curiosity, lack of social experience, discrimination, weak control and other characteristics. By means of material attraction and threats of violence, they spread criminal ideas and instigate the means of crime, so as to lead them astray. Many teenagers are on the road to crime because of bad communication. For example, Wu Mou, a student, got to know Luo Mou who had committed theft when he was dancing in the dance hall after graduation from junior high school. In the end, Wu took the road of theft under the instigation of Luo. He was sentenced to eight years, and his career was ruined. Second, try to avoid adult entertainment places and avoid adverse environmental impacts. At present, there are many entertainment places in our city, such as dance hall, bar, disco bar and Internet bar. Because of the complexity and mobility of the personnel involved in adult entertainment places, many criminals mingle with them to make trouble. Teenagers are vulnerable to corrosion in such places. We must stay away from these places of entertainment and make friends carefully.
Four, pay attention to Internet security, stay away from Internet cafes, and civilized Internet.
Students may often surf the Internet at home during the holidays. It is worth noting that you should not be addicted to the Internet, or you will be delayed in your studies. You may also browse some bad websites and webpages to induce illegal and criminal acts, because pornography, superstition, gambling, violence, terror and other content will be seriously damaged. Adults are physically and mentally healthy, and some juvenile delinquents say frankly: our idea of committing a crime comes from watching pornographic videos, and our method of committing a crime is learned from the Internet. Many young people can not stand the temptation of the Internet, and rush to Internet cafes. Some even soaked in Internet cafes in a few days and nights.
Case: seven robbery in one school in this city
Once teenagers indulge in video games, they will have more and more strong psychological dependence and the desire to repeat the operation. When they can not operate, they will return to emotional irritability, depression and other symptoms, and heroin addiction characteristics are very similar, so it is called "electronic heroin".
For example, during the Spring Festival in 2008, many young people choose to spend the New Year in Internet cafes. As a result, excessive Internet use has led to a sharp increase in eye fatigue or discomfort, and even retinal detachment.
A fire broke out in an Internet cafe in Beijing, killing 24 young people.
Some teenagers feel depressed and depressed because of their parents'divorce, lack of warmth in their families, high pressure of study, tense relationship between teachers and students, frustrated exams and unemployment, and want to paralyze themselves with drugs. This chaotic state of mind can only make itself on the fast track of death.
Inducement five: rebellious psychology
Some teenagers are easily rebellious when neglected and neglected by their parents, hoping to get their parents'attention. Parents refused to let him play with teenagers who had bad habits, but he wanted to gamble with teenagers who had bad habits, smoking, drinking and even taking drugs.
Drug is the devil, once you get it, he will entangle you, "drug addiction is easy to detoxify, detoxification is easy to detoxify difficult", this is how terrible thing! Students must start with their daily behaviors and get rid of their bad habits.
To prevent the dangers of drugs, adolescents should:
1. Be cautious in making friends; 2. Keep away from alcohol and tobacco; 3. Do not take drugs because of the pursuit of stimulation, curiosity, fashion, etc. 4. Keep away from drug-taking places and drug-addicts and drug traffickers.
Six. Pay attention to personal safety and learn to protect yourself.
In terms of self-protection, there are three main aspects:
The first aspect is personal safety: to learn to report to the police in violation of the law: 110, 120, 122, 119
1, bandit (criminal) alarm case telephone: 110
2, fire alarm Tel: 119
3, traffic accident telephone number: 122
4, emergency center call for help: 120
The second is to pay attention to traffic safety.
Third, pay attention to fire safety: do not play with fire, pay attention to field fire, learn to escape in the fire (West Lake transformer explosion case: all on the ground to escape)
Requirement: In order to make us grow up healthily and have a safe, happy and meaningful holiday, students should consciously do:
1. abide by the law and discipline, do not break the law and do not violate the rules and regulations, put an end to all kinds of bad habits, cultivate good habits.
2. Non-commercial dance halls, game halls, Internet cafes and other places of entertainment that are not suitable for minors to enter. When surfing the Internet at home, we should surf the Internet in a civilized manner, not visit unhealthy websites, and enhance our immunity.
3. Consciously resist the influence of all kinds of bad culture, and refuse to read books, periodicals and videos with unhealthy contents such as obscenity and terror, and reject all kinds of vulgar "pocket books".
4. Do not participate in various forms of gambling and feudal superstition, and actively participate in healthy and beneficial cultural and sports activities.
5, do not smoke, do not drink, stay away from drugs, cherish life.
6, pay attention to physical and mental safety, enhance the awareness and ability of self protection.
Students, I hope you will start from now on, from small things, to be a good student and a good citizen who abides by the law and discipline. My lecture is over. I wish you all a happy summer vacation. Thank you!